Decarbonisation of Shipping: A Trillion-Dollar Opportunity for Global Green Job Creation

In a landmark analysis released by the Global Maritime Forum, the transition of the maritime industry toward decarbonisation is poised to become a cornerstone for global economic development, potentially fostering up to four million green jobs by 2050. The comprehensive study, undertaken in collaboration with Arup, underscores the critical role of e-fuels in achieving this ambitious target, marking a significant stride in global efforts to combat climate change and stimulate economic growth, particularly in the Global South.

The Urgent Imperative for Maritime Decarbonisation

With the shipping industry accounting for 3% of global CO2 emissions, equivalent to the annual emissions of an industrial nation such as Japan, and facilitating 80% of worldwide trade, the pressure to decarbonise is both urgent and paramount. The International Maritime Organization (IMO)’s directive for a cessation of fossil fuel consumption by 2050 delineates a clear path forward, necessitating a monumental shift towards scalable zero-emission fuels, predominantly e-fuels derived from hydrogen.

The Economic and Environmental Dividend

The pivot to e-fuels is not just an environmental necessity but also a trillion-dollar economic opportunity. The report, titled “Green Jobs and Maritime Decarbonisation,” projects that meeting the shipping industry’s demand for e-fuels by 2040 will require an investment upwards of £3.2 trillion. This investment will underpin the development of renewable infrastructure, hydrogen production, and e-ammonia fuel production facilities, catalyzing a significant employment boom across the renewable energy generation, hydrogen production, and e-fuel production sectors.

Jesse Fahnestock, Director of Decarbonisation at the Global Maritime Forum, highlights the dual benefit of this transition, emphasizing not only the job creation potential within the maritime sector but also the transferable nature of these green jobs to other industries, thereby amplifying the decarbonisation impact across the economy.

The Global South: A Nexus of Green Job Creation

The analysis further reveals a geographic tilt in the distribution of these green jobs, with the majority poised to emerge in the Global South. This region, with its optimal conditions for green fuel production, stands to gain significantly from the green transition, not only in terms of job creation but also in economic diversification and sustainable development.

Jeremy Anderson, Director of Just Transition and Sustainable Transport at International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF), underscores the importance of ensuring that these green jobs offer decent work conditions, embodying fair labour practices and rights, thereby contributing to the reduction of global economic inequalities.

Call for Comprehensive Analysis and International Collaboration

Despite the promising outlook, the report calls for further research, particularly to explore the potential of other future fuels and to map the geographical implications of maritime decarbonisation more accurately. Connor Bingham, Project Manager at the Global Maritime Forum, stresses the importance of international cooperation and investment, particularly in the Global South, to unlock the full economic potential of this green transition.


The decarbonisation of the shipping industry represents a critical juncture in the global fight against climate change and a significant opportunity for economic development worldwide. Through substantial investment in renewable energy and green fuel production, the world stands on the cusp of a green job revolution, promising not only to mitigate the environmental impacts of one of the world’s most vital industries but also to pave the way for sustainable economic growth and development across the globe.